Nowadays, there's a lot of talk about the intellectual capacities, but no one seems to be able to put a finger on them.
Sure, there are tests that measure your IQ and there are even tests to help determine your EQ, but intelligence itself, can't be limited to any of the traits that we usually associate it with.
In order to assert the ways of increasing our intellectual capacity, we should first agree on what intellectual capacity really means.
The very word “intellectual” comes from the Latin intellectus which means understanding.
Nowadays, psychology differentiates many different types of intelligence depending on the subject that a specific type of intelligence ought to grasp.
Howard Gardener, an American developmental psychologist pleaded for 9 types of intelligence as follows:
Now, the problem with understanding is that there are no exact ways to determine whether someone understands something or not.
Not only that we can't assess whether someone understands something or not… we can't assess how much someone understands something which renders IQ tests useless… and we will see why that is so.
We usually measure intelligence (or understanding) in relation to the efficiency of solving problems. Furthermore, our problem-solving capacities are demonstrated by our behavior.
It would all be fine and dandy if our behavior was completely determined by our reason and the ability to understand. However, we are not absolutely rational beings. Au contraire!
Our behavior is determined by irrational factors as well. We're not purely cognitive beings.
Our behavior is driven by willpower. Enter conative aspects of our being: emotions, desires, urges, motivation, states, etc. All of those may impact our cognitive abilities in a positive or a negative way.
Furthermore, cognition itself is a complex issue. Understanding is not just connecting pieces of information into novel entities.
In order to form databases so as to ...read more